Dyslexia is a learning disorder that involves problems with reading, writing and relating letters and words. Dyslexia – also known as reading disability- affects parts of the brain that process language. Dyslexia don’t affect intelligence or cognitive ability. Child with dyslexia have normal intelligence and they can succeed in school.
People with dyslexia have trouble matching the letters they see and the combination of letters. Dyslexic people struggle to read fluently and spell words.
Dyslexia is incurable and lifelong disease, but with the right support, dyslexic individuals can improve their reading and writing skills.
Symptoms Of Dyslexia
Because dyslexia causes difficulty in reading, it is difficult to recognize the problem for many parents before their child enters school. However, there are some early clues that may indicate the problem. These include:
Learning new words slowly,
Difficulty forming words such as confusing words that sound alike or reversing sounds in a word
Difficulty remembering or naming latters, colors or numbers
As A Child Enters School
Problems understanding and processing what he or she hears
Difficulty remembering the sequences such as numbers or letters
Reading levels below the expected level for age
Have disorganized writing
Avoiding activities involve reading
Spending too much time finishing reading or writing
What Causes Dyslexia?
Many studies show that dyslexia is linked to certain genes that affect the brain’s reading and language processes.
Other Risk Factors:
Exposure during pregnancy to alcohol, drugs or infection that can change brain development in fetus
İndividual differences in the brain
Dyslexia can cause a number of problems:
Dyslexia can cause self-esteem problems, aggression, anxiety
Children with dyslexia may be disadvantaged in the classroom due to difficulty reading and have difficulty keeping up with their peers. If a child has dyslexia, he or she probably need extra educational support.