What are Chlamydia Infections?
Chlamydia infections are sexually transmitted microorganisms that cause genital infections in both men and women. “Chlamydia” is the name given to chlamydia infection.
What Kind of Diseases Does Chlamydia Do?
Chlamydia is a disease caused by a bacterium that is transmitted during sexual intercourse. The disease can be transmitted from person to person by vaginal, oral and anal sex. It is the most common type of disease in developed countries. Chlamydia is usually an infection in men and women under the age of 25 but is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. In the studies conducted, it is stated that there are about 5000-6000 chlamydia patients but most of them are not aware of this.
Chlamydia, which affects women more than men, can also be passed on to babies of pregnant women. It may also cause infertility in women if chlamydia is not treated. Chlamydia is usually located in the cervix region of women. Later, it may cause an infection in the tubes and ovaries. Chlamydia that needs to be treated can cause serious complications in women and men.
What Are the Symptoms?
Many people with chlamydia do not have any symptoms. These people can carry this bacterium unconsciously and pass it on to their partners. If symptoms occur, this is usually 7-20 days after sexual contact with the person carrying the bacteria.
- Vaginal discharge
- Bleeding between the periods
- Slight pain in the lower abdomen
- Burning sensation when urinating / pain
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Bleeding during sexual intercourse
- Burning sensation/pain
- Mild itching or discomfort on the tip of the penis
- A slight increase in the frequency of urination
Problems Caused by The Disease
If not treated Chlamydia may cause the following conditions:
Pelvic Inflammatory disease (PID): It is a serious disease that damages the reproductive organs in women.
External pregnancy: The fertilized egg begins to grow somewhere outside the uterus. Requires immediate intervention.
Infertility: It can be seen in both women and men. A pregnant woman carrying a chlamydia microbe can infect the baby during childbirth.
The problems that can be seen in the newborn are:
- Preterm birth
- Low birth weight
- Eye infections
- In order to prevent any health problems, good care in pregnancy is very important.
Antibiotics are used in the treatment of chlamydia. Even if the symptoms disappear, use the medication until it is finished.
If you leave your drugs early, the infection may not be complete, and you can continue to infect it. Your partner should also be treated for chlamydia.
You should not start sexual intercourse until both of you are cured. If you are a sexually active person, you may be at risk of sexually transmitted diseases.
Contact your doctor for testing and treatment.
How Is the Risk Reduced?
- You and your partner should be controlled by your doctor for the disease. Previously, you can try to find out whether you have been infected by sexual contact and your previous sexual life.
- If you see any wound, reddening or discharge in your partner, you can try talking to it.
- You can use condoms.
- If you have more than one partner, or if your partner is new, or if your partner has other partners, you should be regularly checked every 6 months.
- Monogamous sexual intercourse should be preferred.
- Cotton underwear should be preferred instead of synthetic underwear
- Very tight pants should not be worn.
How Is Chlamydia Infection Transmitted?
Chlamydia virus is usually transmitted during sexual intercourse. Chlamydia, which can be transmitted during vaginal, anal or oral intercourse, is more common in young women. The reason for this is that the area called cervix is not fully matured.
Accordingly, the risk of transmission of chlamydia virus in young women is higher than for men. As a result of the number of sexual partners, the risk of transmission of chlamydia virus increases.
Pregnancy: It is also possible to pass from mother to baby during or during pregnancy. However, the transmission of this virus to the baby occurs during vaginal delivery. If the virus is transmitted to the baby, the baby may have eye inflammation, respiratory tract infections, and pneumonia.