Vaginal yeast infection is very common in women, infection is a type. The vagina also occurs with regional burning, itching, an unusually intense white discharge, symptoms of frequent urination and pain during sexual intercourse.
One of the most common microbes causing this problem is a yeast cell called Candida albicans. Vaginal fungal infections are usually vaginal candidiasis because more than 90% of cases are caused by this fungus.
A healthy vagina contains some bacteria and yeast cells. However, when bacterial and fungal balance changes, yeast cells can multiply and cause infection. Stress, pregnancy, diseases affecting the immune system, the use of antibiotics, some birth control pills, improper sanitary products and the use of underwear can lead to increased candida yeast cells.
Vaginal fungi are not in the category of sexually transmitted diseases. Sexually inactive women can also experience this problem. Although this disease is known as a female disease, it can also be seen in men and can be treated with medication as in women. A male with this disease can infect his sexual partner with this fungus.
Vaginal Fungal Infection
It is easy to treat and can be effectively treated with drugs. The treatment results in relief within a few days, but in some severe cases, this may be a little longer. If you have recurrent fungal infections – you may need a treatment cure and a care plan for four or more years in a year.
If you think you have a vaginal infection, you should consult a specialist doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Because the symptoms of vaginal yeast infection are like other vaginal infections and sexually transmitted infections. If you have a more serious infection than a fungal infection, this can lead to significant health problems.
Symptoms of Complicated Vaginal Yeast Infection
You may have a severe and complicated fungal infection in the following cases, and you should see a specialist doctor as soon as possible:
- Redness, swelling and itching symptoms are very intense and discomfort
- Cracks and wounds
- If you have four or more fungal infections per year
- Infection is caused by another fungus from Candida albicans fungus
- If you are pregnant
- If you have uncontrolled diabetes
Do Men Have Fungal Infections and What Are Their Symptoms?
Candida albicans yeast cells that cause vaginal yeast infection in women can cause a similar infection in the male penis. Men with diabetes, long-term antibiotics or non-circumcised men are more prone to this infection. Men who are not circumcised should properly clean the underarm of the foreskin.
The warm, moist folds of the foreskin are the perfect medium for the development of the fungus. Keeping the area clean and dry may help prevent an infection, but if symptoms occur, a specialist should be referred.
A man with a fungal infection may not have any symptoms, but sometimes the following symptoms may occur:
- Redness or itching at the end of the penis
- Slight discharge
- Pain during urination
How is Vaginal Yeast Infection Diagnosed?
Diagnosis of fungal infections is simple. Your doctor will ask you some questions in order to correctly diagnose your disease and apply effective treatment.
The next step is the pelvic examination. Your doctor will examine your external genitalia and observe signs of infection. Then, to examine the vagina and cervix region, vagina, vaginal walls to keep a tool (speculum) places. It will also look at the area around the vagina to see if there is a contamination. A vaginal examination is enough for diagnosis. It is enough for the diagnosis of fungal plaques in the vagina by the physician and the complaints of the patient.
Depending on the scratches, peeling of the vulva skin and small bleedings may occur, and these are evaluated by the doctor. Sometimes the smear test, although the patient does not have any obvious complaints, fungal cells can be seen.
Depending on what you see in the physical examination, your doctor may take some samples from your vagina and send them to the laboratory. Laboratory tests are generally preferred in patients who have a regular infection or who do not respond to treatment. Determination of fungal type in such patients is important for effective treatment.
How Is A Vaginal Yeast Infection Treated?
In the treatment of vaginal fungi, oral tablets, suppository drugs applied to the vaginal area and antifungal creams applied to the external genitalia are used.
Probiotics play an important role in the treatment
Probiotics are very important in the prevention and treatment of vaginal infections. Vaginal infections can be treated with oral medications, so probiotics can be given effect to prevent infections from occurring frequently.
You can treat yourself only with non-prescription products in the following cases:
- If your symptoms are mild and you do not have pain
- If you are not pregnant
- If you are sure that your symptoms are caused by a vaginal yeast infection
- If you have never been diagnosed with a vaginal yeast infection, consult with your doctor.
- If you have not been exposed to a sexually transmitted infection (STI)
An Important Notice: Self-treatment can be risky at times. Because the symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection may be like the symptoms of other sexually transmitted diseases, and in such a case a different treatment will be required. Therefore, it would be much more useful to go to a doctor in any case. Every fungal infection is different, so your doctor will recommend the best treatment for you.