STD Test: What you need to know before your appointment?
If you are sexually active and have more than one partner, you have probably heard the following advice many times. Use protection and have a test.
So, what do routine STD tests really involve? Not all doctors or clinics perform the same STD tests. For certain sexually transmitted diseases, including genital herpes and human papillon virus (HPV). There is no specific way to track everyone, so there are difficulties in testing high-risk groups and people with signs and symptoms of certain sexually transmitted diseases. Even if you ask your doctor to test you for everything, you will not know for sure that your partner or yourself has been tested for all sexually transmitted diseases.
The only sure way to protect yourself against sexually transmitted diseases is not sexual intercourse. If you cannot maintain a monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner when you decide to be sexually active for a long time, plan routine STD tests to stay healthy.
STD test and Routine Tests
At least take a Pap test, a practice by collecting cells from the uterus to test for cancer or cancerous changes. Uterine cancer occurs as a result of HPV infection, a common sexually transmitted disease.
Pap tests are recommended to women 21 years of age or older not later than three years after the first sexual intercourse. If you are between 30 and 69 years old and you have only one sex partner and you have had a Pap test in the last three years, you can have Pap tests less frequently every two years.
Routine chlamydia tests are also recommended for women under 25 years of age.
The guidelines of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention do not recommend that men have routine sexually transmitted disease tests unless they have sex and have symptoms.
If you are an active male, it is recommended that you have an annual HIV, syphilis, chlamydia and chlamydia test. HIV and syphilis can be life-threatening if left untreated, and chlamydia and gonorrhea. Put you at greater risk of developing HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.
For women and men
STD test for sexually transmitted diseases if:
- Genital pain including fluid-filled, ulcerated blisters
- Unusual ejaculation from penis or vagina
- Abnormal pain or fever with vaginal emptying showing inflamed umbilical diseases in women
Disease control centers also recommend routine HIV testing as part of routine health checks if you are an adult or adult aged 13–64 years. If you are at a high risk-for example, you have had sex with multiple partners after the last test hastalık disease control centers recommend that you take an annual HIV test.
Get an STD test if you need it
Do not assume that you will have an STD test during each gynecological examination or Pap test. If you think you need an STD test, ask your doctor. Talk to your doctor about your request and what test you need.
Testing for a specific STD
Information to guide you through taking certain tests for certain sexually transmitted diseases
Gonorrhea and chlamydia
Have your status tracked annually if:
- You are a sexually active woman under the age of 25
- If you are a woman over 25 and are at risk of sexually transmitted diseases – for example, if you have sex with a new partner or have sex with multiple partners
- If you’re a man and having sex with men
In women, untreated gonorrhea or chlamydia can lead to PID, which leads to infertility. These infections also increase the risk of developing other infections such as HIV.
Monitoring of Gomorrha and Climidia is performed either by a urine test or in men by a part of the penis or uterus. The sample is then analyzed in the laboratory. It is important to follow because you will not be aware that you are infected if you do not have signs or symptoms.
HIV, syphilis, and hepatitis
Get HIV, syphilis, and hepatitis tested if:
- Gomorrha and chlamydia tests that put you at greater risk of sexually transmitted diseases are positive
- If you have had more than one sex partner since the last test
- If you are taking intravenous medication
- If you’re a gay man
- If you think you have been exposed to diseases
Your doctor will either perform a blood test for syphilis or take a piece of a genital spot that you may have. The sample is analyzed in the laboratory. Blood samples are also taken for HIV and hepatitis A.
If you have had an infection recently, it is possible that HIV, syphilis, and hepatitis are negative. These tests work with the presence of antibodies or other agents that your immune system produces in response to a particular infection. The immune system’s response to these infections cannot be detected for several weeks, so you may need to check again later.
Vaccination for hepatitis A and B can prevent these infections.
There is no good follow-up test for herpes, a passing infection, even when a person has no symptoms.
If you have blisters and early ulcers, your doctor will take tissue samples or culture from them for examination in the laboratory. However, negative test results do not exclude herpes as a cause for genital ulceration.
A blood test can also help detect herpes, but tests may not always yield results. You may want to have an LGG blood test that measures antibodies to your blood virus. Depending on the sensitivity of the tests and the stages of infection, the results may still not be clear. False positive and false negative results are possible.
Being infected with human papillomavirus (HP) is the most important risk factor for uterine cancer.
There is no specific follow-up test for men, whereas in women the infection is diagnosed by visual inspection or by biopsy from genital warts that are not seen in all cases. HPOV in women includes:
- Pap test: Once a year if you are under 30 years old if you are not and your tests in the last three years are normal every three years,
- HIV virus DNA test in combination with the Pap test if you are 30 years old
The HPV test is collected by brush from the uterine canal. Women who have a positive Pap test and a negative HIV DNA test have a lower risk of cancerous changes in the uterus over the next three years.
The combination of PAP testing and HPV DNA testing has not been approved by the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for women younger than 30 years, because ultimately HPV infection is more common in this age group and positive test results can lead to unnecessary tests and treatments.
The HPV DNA test tests for low-risk HPV that causes genital warts and both of the high-risk types that can lead to uterine cancer. Your doctor may only ask you to be tested for the high-risk type because it is a threat to your health. Although there is no cure for genital wart bursts caused by genital HPV. There is no treatment for HPV itsel. So paying for the low-risk type test has little benefit.
9-26-year-old girls and women can help prevent HPV infection by getting an HPV vaccine.
STD test at home
Urine samples or rectal or genital fragments are collected for home STD tests and then sent to the laboratory for analysis. Some tests require both types of samples. You often receive test results within a few days. So that you can do the sampling in the privacy of your home without any abdominal examination or surgery visit.
However, tests with your own samples may give false positive results, which means that the test results show that you have a sexually transmitted disease that you do not have.
Positive Test Results
If your STD test is positive, the next step is to take further tests and then treat as instructed by your doctor. In addition, you must inform your sex partner. Your partner also needs to be treated and treated because you may have had the infection with him or received it.
It is normal for you to feel different emotions. You may be embarrassed, angry or afraid. It will help you to remind yourself that you are doing the right thing by having a test. So that you can inform your partner and have him/her treated. Talk to your doctor about your thoughts.
Before having sex with a new partner
You may not want to have sex with a partner if you do not trust a partner to see if you have a sexually transmitted disease. You can ask him to have gonorrhea, syphilis, HIV and hepatitis tests, but negative test results do not guarantee that they do not exist. If you decide to have sex anyway, use a condom. Although this herpes provides limited protection against uncommunicable diseases such as HPV, condoms help protect against HIV, candidiasis, syphilis, and gonorrhea.