Schizophrenia is a chronic and long-term mental disorder that affects the way of thinks, acts, perceives and relationship with others. It causes many emotional and psychological symptoms. People with schizophrenia lose touch with reality. Schizophrenia, which described by doctor as psychosis, isn’t as common as other major mental illnesses but symptoms can be severe.
The severity of symptoms varies from person to person. Schizophrenia causes a range of problem with behaviour, emotional, thinking and reality. Symptoms can include:
Hallucinations: Hearing or seeing things that actually don’t exist. Most common one is hearing voice. These voices may give command, criticize on his behaviour or insult him.
Delusions: These beliefs are false and unusual that aren’t based on reality. People with schizophrenia refuses to give up on that delusions even if they see the facts. For example, they think that they are being harrased, hearing that God or the devil has given him commands, They think someone’s plotting against them.
Disordered thinking and speech,
Abnormal motor behaviour or bizarre movements
Neglect personal hygiene,
Lack of emotion such as avoiding eye contact, not changing facial expression, speak in monotone
Loosing ability to make plan
What Causes Schizophrenia?
It is not known the exact cause of schizophrenia. But researchers believe that a combination of genetic, different chemical in the brain and enviromental factors (such as; exposure to viruses, problems during births, Psychosocial factors) causes schizophrenia.
A combination of medication and cognitive behavioural therapy is usually used for treatment of schizophrenia.
Antipsychotic drugs are commonly prescribed. .Combinations of various drugs can be used to achieve the desired result. Other medications such as anti-anxiety drugs or antidepressants can also help.
After the symptoms are controlled, various types of therapy can help people cope with the illness and pursue their lives. Therapy and supports can improve social skills to participate in daily activities. Family therapy can also provide support to families deal with schizophrenia.