OCD is a long-term mental condition that involves unwanted thoughts, images or sensations that cause discomfort or repetitive behaviours.For people with OCD, these thoughts are uncontrollable and unwanted routines and not doing these recurring behaviours causes great disturbance. Many people with OCD know that their obsessions aren’t true, but even if they know that these obsessions are not true, they have difficulty in stopping obsessive thoughts and behaviors.
Signs And Symptoms
People with OCD have some symptoms and these symptoms can interfere people’s daily life in every aspects like school,work or relationship.
Obsessions are repeated thoughts or mental images that cause stress. Most common symptoms:
Contamination: Because of fear of contamination, Not to touch what people are touching, not to shake hands with people or not to hug them.
Fear of harming yourself or others through accidentally
Unwanted thoughts with sex or religious content
The urge to put objects in a specific order and symmetrical
Not being sure about performing religious duties correctly
The idea that one of the family members will be harmed
Fear of making mistake
Compulsions are repetitive behaviors to get rid of obsessive thoughts. Common compulsions:
Excessive cleaning or hand washing to reduce the fear of contamination of germs, dirt or chemicals. Some people with OCD may spend a long hours washing themselves or cleaning.
Repeating: Behavior of repeating certain expressions or names to get rid of anxiety
Checking: Repeatedly checking whether the door is locked or if the electrical appliances are open.
Arrange certain items in a specific way to reduce discomfort
Counting: Some OCD patients thinking that their job will be bad if they do any daily activity without counting to a certain number.
People with OCD are usually unwilling to seek help because they feel embarrassed. The treatment of OCD includes cognitive-behavioral therapy and medication.
In cognitive behavioral therapy, which is one of the most effective treatments, patients with OCD are exposed to an condition that causes anxiety. Through exposure, patients learn to stop compulsive behaviour or their daily routines.
Serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) that are used to reduce symptoms of OCD is one of the effective treatment of OCD. Successful treatments help a person to improve their daily activities such as relationships with others, school and work.