Lyme Disease, Symptoms, Causes And Treatment
Lyme disease is a type of pathological disorder that causes malfunction of the body, especially the nervous system.Lyme disease is caused by a bacterial infection of the Borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted by the deer or the deer during its feeding on tick blood.
Lyme is more common in North America and Europe, especially in the wild and grassland areas.Classification of Lyme to stages depending on the speed and prevalence of infection in the body:The first stage of Lyme disease is also called Limb where Lyme disease is in a very small and limited area.Phase II begins with the partial spread of Lyme disease in the human body.The third or late stage where Lyme disease has infected all members of the body.
It is worth mentioning that bacteria must enter the bloodstream through the skin by sticking ticks for 24 – 36 hours and fed to the blood, just bite by tick may not cause the transfer of bacteria from it to the human body, and the risk of Lyme in the ability to spread to
Lyme Disease Causes
The direct cause of Lyme disease is biting by the deer, where the bacteria pass through human blood and cause bacterial infection.There are factors that increase the chance and likelihood of Lyme including:
- Housing or presence in areas where ticks are responsible for transmission of Lyme disease such as America and Europe.
- Walking between long and high weeds.
- Raising pets at home may carry ticks on her skin or her hair.
More than 70% of doctor visits can be resolved by phone and without visiting a doctor.
Lyme Disease Symptoms
Symptoms are classified according to the stage of disease and the spread of Lyme in the human body so that:
The first phase is characterized by:
- The feeling of chills and lack of cold tolerance or any drop in temperature.
- High temperature of the body (fever).
- Fatigue and general weakness.
- Feeling of headaches.
- Feeling muscle pain and neck stiffness in some cases.
- Skin rash, swelling and reddening of the skin in the area where ticks have spread to the blood of the person with Lyme disease.
- These symptoms may be similar to symptoms of colds and usually do not need these symptoms treatment and go away without medical intervention within weeks.
The symptoms of the second degree may take weeks or months after the occurrence of bacterial infection, including:
- Feeling numb in the limbs.
- The feeling of nerve pain in some areas of the body.
- Inability to move some muscles of the body.
- General weakness in the facial muscles, which leads to the change of the inspirational expressions of the person.
- Persistent anxiety and tension.
- Myocardial infarction.
- Heart palpitations .
- pain in chest .
- Shortness of breath .
The third stage is the most dangerous stages of the disease at all, and include symptoms:
- involuntary movements in the muscles.
- Swelling of joints.
- Muscle weakness and full paralysis in some cases.
- Feeling numbness and twitching.
- Lack of clarity of speech from the individual at all.
- Problems in the central nervous system that affect the concentration and thinking of the injured.
The doctor may resort to the following measures to diagnose the disease:
- Clinical examination.
- ELISA, which detects antibodies to Lyme bacteria
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
- Echocardiogram Echocardiogram.
- ECG screening.
- Examination of spinal fluid biopsy.
Lyme Disease Treatment
The treatment of Lyme disease depends on the symptoms and their onset. Not everyone who is infected with ticks should take medication.
- Some cases show symptoms of Lyme disease so that the injury is confirmed by the doctor, and then prescribed by the doctor antibiotic crisis (and often one dose of (Doxycycline) them, and those of the group are greater than the age of 8 and females Pregnant and lactating women, who have contracted ticks for at least 36 hours.
- The period of treatment of Lyme disease from approximately 10 to 14 days depending on the health status of the patient.
The doctor may prescribe some pain relieving pharmacological treatments, especially if the joints stiffen with Lyme disease.
Lyme Disease Treatment