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High Blood Pressure Disease, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment


Blood pressure is measured by the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries. There are two measures used to identify your blood pressure, systolic and diastolic. The systolic number is used to identify the pressure force when the heart contracts and pumps the blood out. The diastolic number is the measure of your heart as it relaxes between pumps. The systolic number is on the top, the diastolic number is on the bottom.
Having high blood pressure can be extremely dangerous and, as there can often be no symptoms at all, it is known as the ‘silent killer’ because sometimes there is no way to know without regular checkups. However, there are many High Blood Pressure symptoms that a person may experience which could be an indication of trouble and should be taken seriously.

High Blood Pressure Symptoms:

  • Severe headache
  • Fatigue or confusion
  • Vision problems
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pounding in your chest, neck, or ear

There can also be many causes of high blood pressure, some of which can be avoided with proper care and dietary precautions. High blood pressure is also known as hypertension and it is categorized by having blood that is low in oxygen levels being pumped towards the lungs which is where the majority of oxygen supplies are restocked. It is the pumping of the blood around the rest of the body that causes hypertension. The arteries can only handle so much pressure against their walls. Some of the main causes of high blood pressure include but are not limited to:

  • Age
  • Obesity
  • Physical inactivity
  • Smoking
  • High alcohol intake
  • High salt intake
  • High fat diet
  • Mental stress
  • Diabetes
  • Psoriasis

Anybody who has been experiencing any of the high blood pressure symptoms, or whose lifestyle and body relate to the above listed potential causes should make sure to have their blood pressure checked regularly by a physician in order to find out how best to go about treating it, or changing certain lifestyle choices that may be negatively affecting their overall health and well-being. symptoms should see their doctor immediately. There can be many dangerous complications that arise from untreated hypertension. Excessive pressure can result in damage being done to the walls of the arteries and damage to the blood vessels (cardiovascular disease) which can also damage the vital organs. Some of the possible complications of hypertension are:

  • stroke
  • heart attack/heart failure
  • blood clots
  • aneurysm
  • kidney disease
  • torn blood vessels in the eyes
  • metabolic syndrome
  • brain function and memory problems

As far as treatment for high blood pressure goes, every person is different and may require different methods to control the issues and find the appropriate solution or at least maintenance program. Changes in lifestyle can help lower high blood pressure. Again, in order to properly assess the situation, people with high blood pressure, or suspect that they may have high blood pressure should see a doctor immediately. Some suggestions may be made in which a person could help combat the hypertension by changes to the following:

  • Diet
  • Lowering salt intake
  • Adjusting alcohol intake
  • Caffeine
  • Medications

High blood pressure can be a very serious matter and should not be taken lightly, it can be extremely dangerous and if you feel like you may be suffering from it seek medical attention right away. It could save your life.


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