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Hemorrhoids Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment


Hemorrhoids Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Hemorrhoids are called piles. Piles or Hemorrhoids disease is swollen veins. These veins are located around the area of lower rectum or around the anus. Near about fifty percent of adults experienced some problems with Hemorrhoids around the age of 50.

Hemorrhoids can cause the problems internally or externally. Internal hemorrhoids occur inside the anus or rectum area. External hemorrhoids occur around and outside the anus.

External hemorrhoids are common and cause many problems. Hemorrhoids cause itching, pain, and difficulty in sitting.

Hemorrhoids Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Causes of Hemorrhoids disease

Here are the possible factors for hemorrhoids disease to develop:

  • Hereditary problems
  • Sitting for a long time
  • Chronic constipation
  • Stomachache or cramps at the time of bowel movements.

Risk factors for Hemorrhoids disease

Let’s know about risk factors for Hemorrhoids disease here:

  • Hemorrhoids could be passed from parent to child. If your parents had the history of hemorrhoids, you are probably to get Hemorrhoids.
  • Obesity, constant heavy lifting, and constant body strain could increase the risk of Hemorrhoids.
  • Standing all day with no break to sit can develop Hemorrhoids.
  • Diarrhea and constant anal sexual intercourse can cause Hemorrhoids. It can cause chronic pain and bleeding.
  • Hemorrhoids can occur at the time of pregnancy. The time uterus enlarges; it presses the vein in the large intestine and causes swelling.

How is Hemorrhoids disease diagnosed?

It is enough to diagnose Hemorrhoids with visual checking and analysis of the anus.

To verify the diagnosis, the doctor can do several different examinations for checking any problems within the anus. This examination is called digital rectal exam. At the time of this examination, the doctor inserts a covered and lubricating finger into the rectum. If they found some abnormalities, they do the other test called Sigmoidoscopy.

In Sigmoidoscopy, the doctor uses a small fiber-optic camera for cross-examination of internal Hemorrhoids. The camera used in this process is called Sigmoidoscope. This camera fits into a tube and inserts into the rectum. Next, the doctor could get a clear view of the internal rectum. The doctor can examine the Hemorrhoids.


What are the complications of Hemorrhoids disease?

Complications with Hemorrhoid disease are rare. Here are some complications occur:

  • Bleeding
  • Deficiency of iron
  • Blood loss
  • Anemia
  • Blood clots

Treatment options for Hemorrhoids disease

Here are some treatment options for Hemorrhoids disease:

Fiber supplements

You can use over-the-counter fiber supplements for softening the stool.  Two common and useful supplements are psyllium and methylcellulose.

Ointments or creams

Hydrocortisone cream can ease the discomfort of Hemorrhoids.

Pain relievers

You can use pain relievers like aspirin, ibuprofen or acetaminophen. These painkillers help in reducing pain.

Medical treatments for Hemorrhoids disease

Here are some medical treatments for Hemorrhoids disease.

Rubber band litigation

If home treatments are not working for treating Hemorrhoids, the doctor could recommend for rubber band litigation. In this procedure, the doctor cuts off the Hemorrhoids and places a rubber band around it.  This causes Hemorrhoids to shrink. Don’t try this at home. Only medical professionals can perform this.

The doctor can suggest injection therapy in place of rubber band litigation. In this procedure, the doctor inserts a chemical directly into the blood vessels. It will help in reducing the size of Hemorrhoids. This injection therapy is called Sclerotherapy.


The other treatment option is Staples. This process helps in treating bleeding and internal Hemorrhoids. The surgeon uses a stapling device for getting the Hemorrhoids in the normal position.

Home remedies used in Hemorrhoids disease

You can use home remedies for the treatment of Hemorrhoids disease. Here are some remedies for helping you in curing Hemorrhoids disease.

Pain relief

Soak the anus in a tub of warm water for 10-20 minutes every day. You can sit on a bottle of warm water. This helps you in relieving the pain of external Hemorrhoids. You can use ointment or cream for relieving the itching and burning.

Good hygiene

Clean the anus every day with warm water at the time of bath. Don’t use soap. Soaps can cause trouble Hemorrhoids. Avoid using rough toilet paper.

Cold compress

Use cold compress for anus. It will help in reducing swelling and pain caused by Hemorrhoids.

Drink plenty of water

Make a habit of drinking 8-10 glasses per day. This helps in softening of stool.

Fibre Food

Add fiber food to your diet. Fiber helps in softening of stool. It makes feces easy to pass. Fiber reduces Hemorrhoids pressure. Increase food containing fiber. High fiber food like:

  • Wheat
  • Oats
  • Bran
  • Fresh fruits
  • Whole grain food
  • Beans broccoli


Routine exercise can help in stimulating bowel function. Walk 20-30 minutes every day and do some moderate exercise.

Coconut oil

Coconut oil is a natural moisturizer. Applying coconut oil can reduce swelling and irritation.

Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera has antiseptic properties. This can help in reducing pain, itching, swelling and burning of Hemorrhoids. It helps in cleaning anal area.

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