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Gout Disease, Symptoms, Causes And Treatment


A popular type of arthritis that occur as a result of swelling, acute pain and joint stiffness is known as gout disease. This disease always affects the big tow of the joint. The attack of this disease could be sudden and recur over and again as it gradually harms the tissues in the affected area where the inflammation occurs. So also, gout disease can be related to increased occurrence of metabolic and cardiovascular disease which could be too horrible.

Gout disease is a popular kind of arthritis inflammation in men even though, it is commonly found among men but women become more liable to it when they assume menopausal stage.

Gout Disease, Symptoms, Causes And TreatmentGout Causes

Initially, gout occurs as a result of too much of uric acid or hyperuricemia in the blood. This uric acid is developed in the body when there is purines breakdown. Purines are the chemical compounds detected in large quantities in particular foods including poultry, meats and seafood.

To be candid, uric acid will dissolve in the blood and finally egested in the urine through kidneys. When extreme quantity of uric acid is developed or the egested quantity is not adequate, it can develop into crystals which look like needle. This trigger the inflammation and cause joints pain even in the tissues around it. There are many factors that can lead to the likeliness of hyperuricemia leading to gout. The factors are:

  • Age and Gender Factors

Men bring forth more uric acid when compared to women even though the level of uric acid in women impending those of men when they attain menopausal stage.

  • Hereditary

The history of gout in a family increases the tendency of developing such condition.

  • Lifestyle Options

Alcohol intake can step in with the elimination of uric acid from the body system. By consuming high purine diet, one can increase the quantity of uric acid in the body.

  • Exposure of Lead

Severe exposure of lead has been connected to some gout cases.

  • Drugs

Particular drugs can boost the uric acid levels in the body system and these include salicylate drugs and some diuretic drugs.

  • Weight

Overweight factor is one of the features that trigger gout more so that there is more body tissue to turn over. This implies that more uric acid is produced as metabolic waste. The high level of body fat increases the systemic inflammatory level as fat cells develop pro-inflammatory cytokines.

Other factors include recent occurrence of trauma, surgery, renal insufficiency, high blood pressure and underactive thyroid gland.

Gout Symptoms

Usually, gout disease turns to symptomatic all of a sudden without admonition most especially at the late hours of the night. The pain that accompany the gout disease could be excruciating. The main symptoms of gout include:

  • Intense joint pain
  • Discomfort
  • Redness
  • Inflammation
  • Large joint of big toe, ankles, knees, wrists, elbows and fingers.

Gout Treatments

Do you have gout disease? Then, the treatment is not far-fetched. You need to know that the patient suffering from gout will never get better if using uric acid lowering medications. It is very important for the patient to know that their serum uric acid must always be below 6mg per deciliter. Gout cannot be cured but can be managed or better still; control it absolutely with the suitable drugs and lifestyle options.

Mostly, long term drugs that helps to lower uric acid is prescribed in treating it and at the same time prevent its flares. Generally speaking, if you are suffering from gout, you will have to be on this kind of drug throughout the rest of your life and by so doing, the symptoms, deformity or disability risk will be drastically reduced.

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