Eczema Disease, Symptoms, Causes And Treatment
Eczema is a non-contagious dermal condition characterized by red, itchy rashes that often occurs in children. The affected parts of children are the elbows and knees while in adults, the hands and feet are affected. With severity, the disease can affect the entire body. As time progresses, the itchy rashes crack and ooze a thick fluid.
Types Of Eczema
There is a various form of eczema all with different characteristics.
- Dyshidrotic eczema
- Nummular eczema
- Seborrheic eczema
- Stasis dermatitis
- Hand eczema
Eczema Disease Causes
There is no known cause of the disease. It has been associated with;
- Genetics; individuals with mutations in their genetic makeup are likely to get eczema. Mutation on the filaggrin (FLG) gene can trigger eczema. When the gene fails to produce proteins that direct the filaggrin to release anti-microbial agents, the skin is left vulnerable and often becomes subject to eczema. When microbial organisms such as fungi, viruses, and bacteria come in contact with the skin, eczema can occur.
- Varied environmental conditions ranging from the extreme high to low temperatures or humidity.
- Disorders of the immune system; Type I hypersensitivity that occurs due to a re-exposure to a specific allergen through inhalation or ingestion often triggers the onset of the disease. The allergen such gluten cross-links bound immunoglobulin (IgE) on some sensitized cells resulting in histamine release. The release of such vasoactive agents trigger eczema
Eczema Disease Treatment
Currently, no cure is known. What can be done to eczema patients is only trying to alleviate the symptoms and causes associated with the dermal disease.
Some of the available treatments are;
- Medicinal drugs; over the counter medications can be used to help reduce the itching, redness, and oozing of fluid substances. The drugs can typically be applied to the skin or orally taken. Most topical steroids are made of steroids. Moisturizers can also be applied on the bruised. Anti-histamines and antibiotics are also used in preventing the flaring up of the symptoms.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can be used to relieve the inflammation associated with the disease. Eucrisa is the most commonly used NSAID drug that is applied twice a day. It helps in reducing the inflammatory pain and makes the skin smoother.
- Ultraviolet rays help in the treatment of eczema by preventing the overreaction of the immune system. However, be keen when using the rays in order to avoid skin cancers.
- An individual can take a warm bath for a few minutes and then moisturize since dry skin tend to crack up. Avoid using hot water while bathing. You should also limit the period spent while bathing. Moisturizers help the skin retain some moisture. This prevents cracking. Get to know how much moisturizer should be applied.
- Get to know what triggers the severity of the disease and avoid them. These include pollen grains, heat and dairy products.
- The symptoms will decrease if an individual avoids stress.
In most individuals, eczema only last for a short time. As time goes on, the symptoms decrease. However, some other types of eczema don’t come to an end. Instead, an individual needs only to alleviate the symptoms while trying in as much as possible to prevent things that trigger eczema.