Depression is a common mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of unhappiness. It can last for weeks or months rather than a few days. Depression, which can be defined as a feeling of sadness, affects person’’s daily life. It also affects how people feel, the way of think and act. Even sometimes a person can think as if life isn’t worth living.
Depression can lead to emotional or physical problems and can decrease the person’s interest in daily activities. Though it is thought that depression is unimportant, it is a serious medical illness and needs treatment.
Symptoms of depression can be severe or mild and vary from person to person. Symptoms can be as follows:
Having a depressed mood
Feeling unhappy, Worthless or self-blame
Loosing interest in activities once enjoyed
Trouble sleeping such as insomina or sleeping too much
Lack of energy, fatigue, loss of appetite or weight loss
Thoughts of death
Difficulty thinking, concentrating, remembering or making decisions
Unexplained physical problems like headache or back pain
Slowed movements, speaking or thinking
Symptoms can cause many problems in daily activities such as work, school, relationship with others. Some people may feel miserable and unhappy for an unknown reason.
Causes of Depression
Sometimes depression can be triggered by some events such as losing job, losing someone loved, failure. But a person can also become a depressed without an obvious reason.
Several factors can play a role in depression:
Genetics: Depression can run in families. People with a family history of depression may be more incline to depression.
Personality: People with low self-confident are more likely to experience depression.
Enviromental: People who exposure to violence or abuse is more susceptible to depression.
Treatment For Depression
Depression treatment can include psychotherapy, medication and lifestyle change. The type of treatment is determined by whether the symptoms are mild, moderate or severe. Psychotherapy known as talk therapy is generally used for treatment of mild depression. For moderate and severe depression, a combination of psychotherapy and antidepressants is often used.