Beware of Malignant Melanoma!
The incidence of skin cancers due to sunlight is increasing with each passing day. Skin cancer is one of the most dangerous cancers called malignant melanoma. Because it is an aggressive tumor, 75 percent of the deaths due to skin cancers are caused by malignant melanoma cancer. It often leaps to distant organs, especially the liver, lung, brain, and bones.
When To Visit The Doctor?
It is absolutely necessary to see the physician in the changes that may occur in the moles. Irregularity in the boundaries of the benign, discoloration, rapid enlargement and growth in size, bleeding, itching and pain in me, the emergence of wounds on the mole and the emergence of new moles around the mole region cause cancer suspicion. When these changes are detected, it is important to consult a physician immediately.
Malignant Melanoma Treatment
The first treatment of all skin cancers in the early stage is to remove the diseased area by surgery. In malignant melanoma cancer, the procedure called sentinel lymph node sampling should be performed during surgery.
Since malignant melanoma is an aggressive type, it is possible to jump to lymph nodes or other organs. Again, in the early stage of malignant melanoma cancer, vaccination therapies called protective immunotherapy are used in patients with a high risk of recurrence. In advanced skin cancers, the treatment is based on chemotherapy according to the type of cancer, oral pills such as smart small molecular drugs, and immunotherapy that affects the immune system called immunotherapy.
Who Are Under The Risk Of Malignant Melanoma Cancer?
Those who have skin burns easily, those with light skin, those with red or yellow hair, who have a family history of skin cancer, who have more of me or chili on their face, those who live in sunny areas, those who work under the sun are more at risk.
Those with skin burns or scars, exposed to arsenic, heavy metals and tar used in pesticide production, those with chronic skin infections or skin ulcers, those with skin lesions such as actinic keratosis that can turn into cancer, and those who smoke can increase the risk of skin cancer
How to Prevent Malignant Melanoma Cancer?
To prevent skin cancer, it is recommended that the person regularly check his or her skin at regular intervals. For this purpose, it is necessary to examine the skin from head to toe in a sufficiently lit environment in the stark naked mirror every month and to use a hand mirror for hard to see areas. Starting from the face, hair, neck, shoulders, back, chest, arms, groin, inner part of the legs, soles of the feet and between the fingers and so on should be examined downward systematically.
WRONG: I can sunbathe to tan.
TRUE: It is unhealthy to sunbathe for tanning or to go out without applying protective cream. This mistake made to look thinner due to aesthetic concerns and to ensure that the skin is homogeneous is one of the most important causes of skin cancer and skin aging.
WRONG: I need to take plenty of sunbaths to get vitamin D.
TRUE: To justify sunbathing, its benefits should not be exaggerated. It is sufficient for any area of the body to remain in the sun for 15 minutes a day for vitamin D needs. Staying in the sun for more than this time invites skin cancer.
WRONG: My family has no history of skin cancer, so I don’t have to be very careful.
TRUE: Family history of malignant non-melanoma skin cancers is 10 percent effective, while this rate increases to 35 percent in malignant melanoma. In skin cancer, besides your genetic condition, your personal story is also important. If you have experienced sunburn on your skin and you have more than 50 moles, your risk of developing skin cancer increases exponentially. In addition, people who enter the solarium only once before the age of 35, the risk of malignant melanoma increases by 75 percent.