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Bed Bug Bites Disease, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment



Bed bugs are reddish-brown insects that are small in size. They bite the exposed parts of both human and animal body to feed on blood as their nutrition source. The female bed bugs need the human or animal blood to lay eggs. Scientifically, bed bugs do not spread diseases although they are known to cause other economic or health issues.  The size of Bed bugs can be comparable to that of an apple seed. They hide in the crevices and cracks of beds, bed frames, headboard, and box springs, among other objects located close to a bed.

The risk of bed bugs bites increases when you spend much of your time in places where there are high turnovers of people – such as homeless shelters, hospital or hotels. We recommend that you engage the services of a professional exterminator if you notice bed bugs bite in your home.



Bed bug bites occur when you expose your body to your bed sheet during bedtime – the neck, shoulders, face, hands, arms, and legs. The bites are usually flat, small or raised spots and may become blistered, red or itchy. Bed bugs bites are often grouped together in a particular small area and may occur in a zigzag pattern or in a line. The bite reaction takes some hours or even days to develop symptoms. The following are indications of bed bugs bites;

  • Blood spot on a bed sheet
  • Presence of bed bugs cast skins and faeces



Sometimes, it can become difficult to differentiate bed bugs bites from that of other insects. But generally, the areas of the bites are usually;

  • Itchy
  • Located on the hands, arms, neck, and face
  • Arranged in a line or a zigzag pattern
  • Severe itching
  • Hives
  • Blisters


The following are the causes of bed bug bites;

  • Increased international travel
  • Changes in pest control practices
  • Insecticide resistance


The risk of bed bugs bites increases when you spend much of your time in places where there are high turnovers of people – such as;

  • Apartment complexes
  • Dorm rooms
  • Homeless shelters
  • Hotels
  • Cruise ships
  • Trains and buses
  • Refugee camps


If you suspect bed bug bites in your apartment, you should immediately carry out inspection. Check your mattresses, Crevices in walls, and furniture. The inspection should be done at night when they are actively seeking for blood to suck.

Ensure you look out for these signs;

  • Dark specks: Dark specks are bed bug excrement and are usually found along your mattress seams.
  • Empty exoskeletons: Usually, it takes about five times before bedbugs can moult into an adult. Their empty skins are known to be yellowish in colour.
  • Reddish or rusty stains: When you crush a bedbug by accident, its blood will definitely stain your bed sheet.


The symptoms of bedbug bites usually disappear within a week or two without extreme treatment. If you wish to speed up your recovery, then you may consider using any of the following;

  • Skin treatment cream containing Cortaid
  • An oral antihistamine like Benadryl

You may consult your doctor if the scratching of bedbug bites has resulted into a serious skin infection. Your doctor will prescribe some antibiotics for you.

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