Anxiety Disease, Symptoms, Causes And Treatment
You probably have experienced some anxiety before by the time of a hard test that you needed to pass or while waiting for the company receptionist to call your name for the important interview you have been seeking. What about any personal emotional instability? Have you felt lonely before, gone through break-up, or simply felt out-of-group?
As far as this seems harsh and above your capabilities, it is not enough to think that you have an anxiety disorder!
Medically speaking, you should actually feel stressed from time to time so as your fight-or-flight biological mechanism keeps balanced. But if it is excessively irritating and interfering with your daily activities to the point that your life is getting frustrating, then you may be diagnosed with an anxiety disorder.
What is an Anxiety Disorder?
Before identifying “anxiety disorder”, the term “anxiety” needs to be illustrated. Anxiety is a universal human feeling that anticipates some future concerns; fear as a fight-or-flight response is linked to anxiety by viewing the anticipations as threats to take an action.
Anxiety disorders, however, cover anxiety with a lot of fear which hinders the patients’ ability to function normally and leaves them in an avoidance behavioral mode.
As the American Psychiatric Association shows, about 30% of adults at some point of their lives get affected by some anxiety disorder invading their mental health. With some specific symptoms illustrated and a wide range of anxiety disorders mentioned, more understanding about the disorder can be achieved.
Anxiety Disease Symptoms and Types
To be diagnosed with an anxiety disorder is to be recognized by some of the following symptoms:
- Excessive Worry.
- Sleep Problems.
- Muscle Tension.
- Heart palpitations (Rapid Heartbeats).
- Dizziness and Fatigue.
- Much Sweating.
- Concentration Difficulty.
Those anxiety-related symptoms are the main signs that characterize the umbrella of anxiety disorders, under which many types exist.
But What Causes Anxiety Disorders?
Although there is no single cause, researchers have been emphasizing on the following factors:
Within the same family -including the extended family, a greater probability is connected to those with family members with any type of anxiety disorder.
It can be the cause of any anxiety disorder, especially if it is intense in a way or another and especially if the person exposed to it is in young age. This is mainly because of the changes happening in brain structure responding to the stimuli.
They can with a great percentage cause different types of anxiety disorders, but most commonly the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
Being a Female:
The fact that amygdala -the brain part responsible about fear- in females’ brain is more sensitive to negative stimuli than it is in males’ brains suggests that likelihood that women are about two times probable to be diagnosed with an anxiety disorder than men are.
Anxiety Disease Treatments and Help:
Acknowledging that the cause of anxiety disorders is not a single factor rather a combination of biological and environmental, treatments are also a collection of psychotherapy and medications.
Cognitive therapy and exposure therapy challenge the patients’ thoughts and control their fears. Support groups are also a way to lessen their stress. But with that in mind, antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications, and beta blockers are prescribed by a physician to decrease the symptoms of the disease, like restlessness and the sleep problems.
Now, whether you are diagnosed with an anxiety disorder or you just face normal anxious moments from time to time, you can manage your stress level through managing your diet, exercising, having better sleep, and decreasing the amount of caffeine you consume.
The reason you should to know about anxiety disorders is to be aware. Don’t overestimate your anxieties with depression and don’t underestimate it if you have the disorder.