Acne is a common condition that results in blockage of hair follicles and sebaceous glands. If the body produces large amounts of sebum, dead skin cells can become trapped inside the pores and cause white or black spots. It is usually seen on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders. Acne affects people of all ages, but it is the most common among young people.
The exact cause of acne is unknown. However, some conditions and diseases increase the formation of acne. Acne may develop due to conditions such as stress, malnutrition, some diseases in the digestive system, kidney problems, hygiene problems and some skin problems.
Excess fat on the skin
Excessive activity of a type of hormone (androgens)
Pollution (prepares the environment for bacterial formation)
Smoking triggers acne formation
Irritation caused by humidity or exposure to the sun
Conditions that cause hormone changes such as adolescence, menstrual cycle, pregnancy, birth control pills, stress
Cosmetics and intensive cosmetic usage
Small red, sensitive lumps (papules)
Lumps (nodules) that can be large, solid, painful under the surface of the skin
There are many treatment options for acne vulgarise, whose cause is not fully known. The type and duration of treatment is determined by taking into account the general health status of the person, the severity and prevalence of acne, and the age of the person.
Benzoyl peroxide which kills bacteria on the skin surface, Retinoid creams, antibiotics and hormonal treatment are used for treatment of acne. In cases of severe acne Laser applications can be used to reduce redness and swollen tissue.
In addition, keeping your skin clean can prevent oil build-up in pores. Squeezing pimples causes acne to spread all over the face. Medical treatment varies from person to person, so it’s wrong to take medication advice from someone else.